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online Asean Journal on Hospitality and Tourism

Asean Journal on Hospitality and Tourism

Asean Journal on Hospitality and Tourism

Volume 3 , Number 1

Widening Accommodation Choice: The Potential of Homestay in Singapore

 Fiona Loke

Nanyang Business School, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

 Fiona Teo

Nanyang Business School, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

 Joan Henderson

Nanyang Business School, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore


 Yuzhen Chen

Nanyang Business School, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

This paper is concerned with the concept and characteristics of homestay, where tourists are accommodated in private homes, and explores its possibilities in Singapore. Homestay is shown to be growing in popularity with a number of advantages for both hosts and guests, including the opportunity for cultural exchange. A highly urbanized and industrialized environment such as that of Singapore might initially seem an unlikely location for a homestay experience, but the results of a survey and current trends indicate that there is some potential for future development based on the country’s distinctive form of government housing. Homestay could add diversity to Singapore’s tourism and help it to meet the challenges of an increasingly competitive industry.

Key words: Tourist accommodation, homestay, Singapore

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The Dynamics of A Low Budget Tourist Area, The Case of Prawirotaman

 Stale Angen Rye

Department of Social Sciences, Agder University College, Norway

 Trond-Arne Borgersen

ReBor, Froyasgate, Frederikstad, Norway


This article describes the dynamics of the “Low Budget Tourism” (LBT) industry in the Prawirotaman area, in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, from the early 1960s until 2000. The life cycle model of Butler (1980) is used as a theoretical reference. The historic development of LBT in Prawirotaman is described in order to highlight the process generating the industrial life cycle. Focus is put on both supply and demand side factors. The article attempts to identify the different phases of the life cycle and “the phase switching triggers”. It shows how initial local conditions, socio-economic factors as well as national policy measures have affected the life cycle path. The article illustrates how a dynamic framework for tourism planning can improve the understanding of what is necessary to ensure continuous growth when tourism is to serve as an engine for economic development. It also shows why local conditions should be taken into account, when analyzing industrial development in an international tourism resort, as it shows how tourism is affected by local and global interactions.

Key words: Low budget torusim, accommodation, Prawirotaman, Indonesia

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Economic Impacts of Changing Tourist Profile in Malaysia: An Inter-Industrial Analysis

 Mohamed Sharif Bashir

Faculty of Economics and Muamalat, Islamic University College of Malaysia, Malaysia

 Zakariah A. Rashid

Department of Economics, faculty of Economics and Management, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia


Tourism industry has experienced a rapid growth and gained in importance in the Malaysian economy during the last two decades. Being a major contributor to the GDP, when foreign tourist spends money on domestically produced goods, economic impacts of the industry will be in generating foreign exchange earnings, government revenues through commodity taxes and employment of labor of various skill categories through the inter-industrial linkages. Currently, the country is experiencing a marked geographical shift in foreign tourist arrivals as a result of recent global events. The main objective of the present paper is to present the economic impacts of changing tourists profile in the country. The present paper proposes to measure empirically the economic impacts of such changes by using an inter-industrial analysis.

Key words: Tourism industry, tourist profile, economic impacts analysis, input-output model, Malaysian economy.

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LDCs and Global Tourism - Effects of Disastrous Events and The Role of Travel Advosories and The Media

 Olga Junek

School of Hospitality, Tourism and Marketing, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia

 Rudolf Brown

Vistoria Graduate School of Business, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia


In recent times there has been a growth in the issue of travel advisories by various governments and institutions alerting citizens and travelers in general about the likely consequences of travel to certain destinations and countries. The paper examines in particular the travel advisories of five English-speaking countries, namely the United States of America, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand. In addition the paper seeks to examine the impact of these very same travel advisories on the tourism industry of the less developed countries (LDCs) particularly those in Asia. Some comment on the role of the media will also be taken into account.

Key words: Travel advisories, traveler, less developed country, media

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Issues of Natural Resources, Social Well-Being and Tourism in the Annapurna Area of Nepal

 Andrew Holden

Department of Tourism, Luton Business School, University of Luton, United Kingdom


 Mark Ewen

Department of Tourism, Luton Business School, University of Luton, United Kingdom

The Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA) is widely acknowledged as a model of good practice of sustainable tourism development. The model links together tourism, conservation and human development. However, issues of resource usage associated with tourism have been of concern to the management authority since ACA’s inception in 1986. A key influence upon resource usage is the behavior of user-groups associated with tourism. This article is based upon empirical research investigating the attitudes of key user-groups of the natural resources, i.e. trekkers, lodge owners and guides, towards the natural environment and the impacts of tourism. It proceeds to consider the issues of using sustainable tourism as a medium for human development both in ACA and other similar areas where alternative development options are restricted.

Key words: Sustainable tourism, natural resources, ACAP, human development.

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Research Note: Homestay Program in Malaysia - Development and Prospect

 Yahaya Ibrahim

School of Social, Development and Environmental Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia


One of the new tourism products in Malaysia is the homestay program, a combination of tourism and recreation. This program is realized as a potential for the development of rural areas besides its contribution to sustainable environment. Adopted as one of the tourism niches in the Seventh Malaysia Plan, this program will enable overseas visitors to experience the daily life of the ordinary people of this country. This homestay program is operated by small-time farmers and villagers, monitored and assisted by the Federal Government of Malaysia, via the Ministry of Culture, Arts and Tourism and normally operated under minimal fund. This paper discusses the implementation of the homestay program in Malaysia, its development and achievement, and its potential effects to the operators as well as to the government.

Key words: Homestay, Malaysia, rural area

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